To a large degree, the extent of urbanization and relative worth of the land determine the method of surveying most appropriate. The equipment used varies with the need and nature of survey.

Compass and Chain Surveying Method

Surveying with a magnetic compass and surveyor's chain was the method employed in most of the original subdivisions of the Commonwealth. Today the method is primarily used for reconnaissance surveys of large tracts.

Transit and Tape Surveying Method

Angles are measured with a transit or theodolite and distance is measured with a surveyor's steel tape, giving the accuracy required for modern boundary or land title surveys.